This Week in Disaster Resilience 24th January 2020

Dear colleague,

Please find links below to some aspects of disaster resilience that were in the news this week…

Recent Emergencies/Disaster

Cyclone Tino: Evacuation centres open in Fiji as storm drives across Pacific
https://www.newshub.co.nz/home/world/2020/01/cyclone-tino-evacuation-centres-open-in-fiji-as-storm-drives-across-pacific.html

Zimbabwe – Floods Cause Havoc in Matabeleland North
http://floodlist.com/africa/zimbabwe-floods-matabeleland-north-january-2020

Fiji – Flash Floods From Tropical Cyclone “Tino” Leave 2 Dead
http://floodlist.com/australia/fiji-tropical-cyclone-tino-january-2020

Brazil – 6 Dead After Flash Floods and Landslides in Espirito Santo
http://floodlist.com/america/brazil-floods-espirito-santo-january-2020

Bolivia – 6 Dead as Severe Weather Triggers Floods and Landslides
http://floodlist.com/america/bolivia-floods-january-2020

Papua New Guinea – Hundreds Displaced After Floods in Eastern Highlands Province
http://floodlist.com/asia/papua-new-guinea-hundreds-displaced-after-floods-in-eastern-highlands-province

Dust storms turn central NSW towns dark
https://www.smh.com.au/national/nsw/massive-dust-clouds-turn-day-into-night-in-central-nsw-20200120-p53sut.html

Flooding, landslides kill six in Brazil
https://phys.org/news/2020-01-landslides-brazil.html

Canberra hailstorm prompts record call out for help to ACT SES
https://www.canberratimes.com.au/story/6589708/the-hailstorm-set-a-new-record-for-calls-to-help-to-act-ses/

Indonesia – 7 Dead After Floods Cause Bridge to Collapse in Bengkulu Province
http://floodlist.com/asia/indonesia-floods-bridge-bengkulu-january-2020

Guatemala – Over 500 Evacuated After Floods in Alta Verapaz and Izabal
http://floodlist.com/america/guatemala-altaverapaz-izabal-floods-january-2020

Mozambique – Floods Leave 28 Dead, 58,000 Affected, Says UN
http://floodlist.com/africa/mozambique-floods-january-2020-update

Indonesia – Heavy Rain Triggers Flooding in Central Java and West Sumatra
http://floodlist.com/asia/indonesia-floods-centraljava-westsumatra-january-2020

Spain – Storm Surge From Storm Gloria Reaches 3km Inland
http://floodlist.com/europe/spain-storm-gloria-floods-january-2020

Argentina – Evacuations After Floods in Tucumán Province
http://floodlist.com/america/argentina-floods-tucuman-january-2020

Madagascar – Floods and Landslides Leave 6 Dead, More Severe Weather Forecast
http://floodlist.com/africa/madagascar-floods-january-2020

Widespread flooding continues in Southern Africa, significantly affecting crops and livestock
https://watchers.news/2020/01/22/widespread-flooding-continues-in-southern-africa-significantly-affecting-crops-and-livestock/

Lava now visible at White Island, elevated state of unrest continues, New Zealand
https://watchers.news/2020/01/22/lava-now-visible-at-white-island-elevated-state-of-unrest-continues-new-zealand/

Storm Gloria floods major river delta in eastern Spain
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-51206054

Volcanic activity worldwide 23 Jan 2020: Klyuchevskoy volcano, Popocatépetl, Dukono, Reventador
https://www.volcanodiscovery.com/volcano-activity/news/96634/Volcanic-activity-worldwide-23-Jan-2020-Klyuchevskoy-volcano-Popocatepetl-Dukono-Reventador-Sa.html

Everything you need to know as the China coronavirus spreads
https://www.latimes.com/science/story/2020-01-23/coronavirus-what-i-need-to-know-as-china-virus-spreads

Peru – Homes Damaged After Heavy Rain Triggers Floods and Landslides in Arequipa
http://floodlist.com/america/peru-floods-landslides-arequipa-january-2020

Major Chinese city goes into lockdown as new virus death toll rises to at least 17 - Wuhan, Hubei
https://watchers.news/2020/01/23/major-chinese-city-goes-into-lockdown-as-new-virus-death-toll-rises-to-at-least-17-wuhan-hubei/

Extreme Weather and Climate Change

David Attenborough calls Australia's bushfires 'the moment of crisis' to address climate change
https://www.theguardian.com/tv-and-radio/2020/jan/17/david-attenborough-calls-australias-bushfires-the-moment-of-crisis-to-address-climate-change?CMP=share_btn_tw

The climate factors contributing to Australia's bushfires are strikingly similar to those at play in California
https://www.yaleclimateconnections.org/2020/01/how-climate-change-influenced-australias-unprecedented-fires/

Fiji calls for urgent action on climate crisis as second cyclone hits in three weeks
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jan/17/fiji-calls-for-urgent-action-on-climate-crisis-as-second-cyclone-hits-in-three-weeks

From “wet bulb” heat waves that create deadly humidity to cascading economic effects of sea level rise, a new report catalogs some of the unanticipated consequences of runaway global warming
https://www.fastcompany.com/90452018/climate-change-wont-result-in-a-new-normal-but-in-constant-horrifying-new-disasters

Climate risk and response: Physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts
https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/sustainability/our-insights/climate-risk-and-response-physical-hazards-and-socioeconomic-impacts

The misallocation of climate research funding
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214629619309119

Annual CEO survey found 65% of bosses were worried about climate, even before the bushfire crisis peaked
https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2020/jan/21/most-australian-chief-executives-believe-climate-crisis-a-threat-to-business?CMP=share_btn_tw

Experts say judgment is ‘tipping point’ that opens the door to climate crisis claims for protection
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jan/20/climate-refugees-cant-be-returned-home-says-landmark-un-human-rights-ruling?CMP=share_btn_tw

Why we can no longer ignore consecutive disasters
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2019EF001425

RBA told to 'mobilise all forces' to save the economy from climate change
https://www.smh.com.au/politics/federal/rba-told-to-mobilise-all-forces-to-save-the-economy-from-climate-change-20200120-p53szi.html 

This is what climate change looks like
https://sophieclewis.com/2020/01/20/this-is-what-climate-change-looks-like/

Emissions of potent greenhouse gas have grown, contradicting reports of huge reductions
https://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2020/january/hfc-23-emissions-.html

Could Australia’s bushfire disaster alter the conversation on climate change?
https://www.pbs.org/newshour/show/could-australias-bushfire-disaster-change-the-conversation-on-climate-change

Bushfires have effectively doubled Australia’s annual greenhouse gas output
https://earther.gizmodo.com/australias-bushfires-have-likely-doubled-the-nations-ca-1841135988?IR=T

Projected Changes to Extreme Runoff and Precipitation Events From a Downscaled Simulation Over the Western United States
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/feart.2019.00355/full

Landmark climate migration decision
http://blogs.law.columbia.edu/climatechange/2020/01/21/landmark-u-n-decision-says-countries-may-not-turn-away-climate-migrants-in-the-future/

Funding to build seawalls in the Torres Strait, amidst calls for climate change action
https://www.sbs.com.au/nitv/article/2019/12/22/funding-build-seawalls-torres-strait-amidst-calls-climate-change-action

Weather shows evidence of climate change every single day since 2012
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/01/weather-shows-evidence-of-climate-change-every-single-day-since-2012/

Rising temperatures put more US workers at risk of dying from heat
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/jan/22/heat-deaths-workers-safety-climate-crisis?platform=hootsuite

The 'Doomsday Clock' has jumped closer to midnight than ever as nuclear weapons and climate disasters turn the world into a 'pressure cooker
https://www.businessinsider.com.au/doomsday-clock-moves-closer-to-midnight-than-ever-2020-1

Climate change-driven sea-level rise could trigger mass migration of Americans to inland cities, finds new AI study
https://viterbischool.usc.edu/news/2020/01/sea-level-rise-could-reshape-the-united-states-trigger-migration-inland/

Modeling migration patterns in the USA under sea level rise
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0227436

Disaster Risk Reduction

Treat coastal erosion as a natural catastrophe, UK ministers urged
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/jan/19/treat-coastal-erosion-as-natural-catastrophe-uk-ministers-urged-east-yorkshire

Normalised insurance losses from Australian natural disasters: 1966–2017
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17477891.2019.1609406

Applicability of Hydrological Models for Flash Flood Simulation in Small Catchments of Hilly Area in China
https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/geo.2019.11.issue-1/geo-2019-0089/geo-2019-0089.xml?lang=en

Scientists fear major volcanic eruption in the Philippines
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00128-y?utm_source=twt_nnc&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=naturenews&sf228580451=1

Study finds flooding damage to levees is cumulative—and often invisible
https://phys.org/news/2020-01-levees-cumulativeand-invisible.html

Boston Pushes Flood Resilience with New Design Guidelines
https://www.buildinggreen.com/newsbrief/boston-pushes-flood-resilience-new-design-guidelines

Has NSW seen more than twice the amount of prescribed burning this decade compared with the last?
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-22/prescribed-burning-nsw-backburning-hazard-reduction/11878316

What Controls How Quickly Faults Heal?
https://eos.org/editor-highlights/what-controls-how-quickly-faults-heal

Six of the top 10 costliest disasters of 2019 were flood
https://www.aon.com/global-weather-catastrophe-natural-disasters-costs-climate-change-2019-annual-report/index.html

On the Need for Prospective Disaster Survey Panels
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/disaster-medicine-and-public-health-preparedness/article/on-the-need-for-prospective-disaster-survey-panels/9ADCB98F8BA38C579996E3B07CC402A6

Floods could cost Solihull £6.4m without prevention, engineers warn
https://solihullobserver.co.uk/news/floods-could-cost-solihull-6-4m-without-prevention-engineers-warn/

The Texas General Land Office announced over the weekend it was giving the city $1.3 million to buy homes and allow those residents to move to an area that doesn't flood as often
https://www.kristv.com/city-mulls-which-houses-will-benefit-from-state-flood-relief

Flooding risks could devalue Florida real estate
https://floridapolitics.com/archives/316631-reports-flooding-risks-could-devalue-florida-real-estate

Intensification of short-duration rainfall extremes and implications for flash flood risks
https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/2020/02/rainfall-extremes/

InSAR shows massive ground deformation around the erupting Taal Volcano
https://temblor.net/earthquake-insights/insar-shows-massive-ground-deformation-around-the-erupting-taal-volcano-10414/

Vesuvius eruption baked some people to death—and turned one brain to glass
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/01/vesuvius-baked-people-turned-brain-to-glass/

Evidence to explain behavior of slow earthquakes
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/01/200123115911.htm

As Climate Risks Worsen, U.S. Flood Buyouts Fail to Meet the Need
https://e360.yale.edu/features/as-climate-risks-worsen-u.s.-flood-buyouts-fail-to-meet-the-need

In an ideal world we would have river discharge measurements for every river spanning many decades and updated in real time. We all know this is very far from reality with severe gaps in the global observing network
https://hepex.inrae.fr/glofas-era5-reanalysis/

Wildfire risk can be reduced with agroforestry
https://phys.org/news/2020-01-wildfire-agroforestry.html

Lessons from California fires: Investing in resilience is key
https://www.zurichna.com/en/about/news/news-releases/2020/lessons-from-california-fires-investing-in-resilience-is-key

Ireland: The details of the flood risk and proposed feasible measures for each of the 300 studied communities is set out in 29 Flood Risk Management Plans
https://www.gov.ie/en/news/4a685e-minister-flood-relief-works/

Risk assessment for areas prone to flooding and subsidence: a case study from Bergen, Western Norway
https://iwaponline.com/hr/article/doi/10.2166/nh.2019.030/71712/Risk-assessment-for-areas-prone-to-flooding-and

Emergency management

Parts of the NSW are reopening for business just weeks after bushfires ravaged local lives – and livelihoods. Businesses are desperate for people to return
https://www.news.com.au/finance/business/travel/rising-up-from-the-ashes-bushfire-affected-regions-reopen-for-business/news-story/

Army chief warns continued disaster relief efforts will cost them readiness
https://www.cp24.com/news/army-chief-warns-continued-disaster-relief-efforts-will-cost-them-readiness-1.4774747

How long is recovery?
https://sastrugi.me/2020/01/20/this-is-how-long-it-takes/

Managed retreat presents a dilemma for at-risk communities: the countervailing imperatives of moving out of harm’s way versus retaining ties to community and place
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/2/736/htm

Rain has helped slow Australia's fires, but it's far from a knockout blow
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-21/australia-fires-slowed-but-not-stopped-by-rain/11885152

Update and Interim Guidance on Outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Wuhan, China
https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/han00426.asp

Australia fires: What's being done to fight the flames?
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-australia-51008051

Three Americans killed in plane crash while fighting Australia's wildfires
https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/plane-fighting-australia-s-wildfires-goes-missing-n1120936

45 million people across Southern Africa face hunger following natural disasters and economic disarray
https://watchers.news/2020/01/23/45-million-people-across-southern-africa-face-hunger-following-natural-disasters-and-economic-disarray/

Disaster education, communications and engagement

Remote sensing analyses on Twitter. Part 1: floods
https://labo.obs-mip.fr/multitemp/my-remote-sensing-analyses-on-twitter-part-1-floods/

Remote sensing analyses on Twitter. Part 2: landslides
https://labo.obs-mip.fr/multitemp/my-remote-sensing-analyses-on-twitter-part-2-landslides/

A glossary providing the vocabulary necessary to understand the modern glacier environment
https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1216/index2.html

National Park Service’s $1.2M project preserving Johnstown Flood history
https://triblive.com/lifestyles/more-lifestyles/national-park-services-1-2m-project-preserving-johnstown-flood-history/

What to do in a flood
https://flood-warning-information.service.gov.uk/what-to-do-in-a-flood

Campaign to show impact of flooding on mental health launched
https://governmentbusiness.co.uk/news/21012020/campaign-show-impact-flooding-mental-health-launched

Ireland’s national flood information portal, providing location specific access to flood risk and flood management information
http://www.floodinfo.ie/

Flood Resilience Measurement for Communities: how to create community buy-in
https://floodresilience.net/blogs/flood-resilience-measurement-for-communities-how-to-create-community-buy-in

Psychology and Disasters

A familiar place among the chaos: how schools can help students cope after the bushfires
https://theconversation.com/a-familiar-place-among-the-chaos-how-schools-can-help-students-cope-after-the-bushfires-129904

Flooding increases the chance of depression by 50%
https://environmentjournal.online/articles/flooding-increases-the-chance-of-depression-by-50/

Impacts of Wildfire on Children
https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-3-319-51727-8_90-1

Sociology and Disasters

Neighborhood Ties Reduced Depressive Symptoms in Older Disaster Survivors: Iwanuma Study, a Natural Experiment
https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/1/337

Risk of natural hazards and the coping capacity of the South African community in Auckland
https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/IJDRBE-06-2019-0030/full/html

 

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 Neil Dufty

Principal, Molino Stewart Pty Ltd

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